All You Need to Know About Bed Frames


Bed frames, also called bed steads, are made of wood or metal. The frame is made up of head, foot, and side rails. For heavy duty or larger frames (such as for queen- and king-sized beds), the bed frame also includes a center support rail. These rails are assembled to create a box for the mattress or mattress/box spring to sit on.


Types of Bed Frames

If you happen to visit Furniture Express Shop, you’ll find these types of bed frames

  • Captain – has drawers beneath the frame to make use of the space between the floor and the bed frame
  • Platform – typically used without a box spring
  • Waterbed – a heavy-duty frame built specifically to support the weight of the water in the mattress.

You’ll find lots of different beds and bed frames at the modern furniture showroom in Toronto.

What Other Components are Included

Though not truly parts of a bed frame, headboards, footboards, and bed rails can be included in the definition. Headboards and footboards can be wood or metal. They can be stained, painted, or covered in fabric or leather.

Bed rails are made of wood or metal and are attached to a headboard and footboard. Wooden slats are placed perpendicular to the bed rails to support the mattress/mattress box spring.

Bed rails and frames are often attached to the bed post using knock-down fittings. A knock-down fitting enables the bed to be easily dismantled for removal.


Primary knock-down fittings for bed rails are as follows:

  • Plate-and-hook fastener: Instead of pins inserted horizontally into the bedpost, an eye plate (post plate) is installed on the bedpost. The hooks are installed on the rail, either as surface mount or recessed. Depending on the hardware, the bedpost may require a mortise in order to allow the hooks to fasten to the plate.
  • Pin-and-hook fastener: Amortise or slot is cut vertically in the bedpost. Pins are inserted horizontally in the bed post so that the pins perpendicularly intersect the mortise. Hooks are installed at the end of the rail. Usually these hooks are part of a plate that is attached to the rail. The hooks then are inserted into the bed post mortise and hook over the pins.
  • Bed bolts: They are a different means of a knock-down connection. A hole is typically drilled through the bedpost. The bolt head is inset and covered with a plug. In the rail, a dowel nut or other type of nut receives the bolt. The springs are made from metal, which are swirled for maximum comfort

Safety Rails

Safety rails, or cot sides, can be added to the sides of a bed to stop anyone falling out of the sides of the bed. A safety rail is normally a piece of wood that attaches to the side rails on one or both sides of the bed. They are made so that they can be easily removed when no longer required.


So, next time when you head out to buy modern furniture in Toronto, above mentioned information will be more than helpful in choosing the right furniture for your bedroom.

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